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What Kind of Contract Is a Lease Agreement

If you`re a landlord or a tenant, one of the most important documents that you`ll need to familiarize yourself with is the lease agreement. In essence, a lease agreement is a contract between a landlord and a tenant that outlines the specific terms and conditions related to the rental of a property.

A lease agreement is legally binding and serves as a critical piece of evidence in the event of a dispute between the landlord and tenant. The agreement covers various aspects of the rental, including the rent amount, security deposit, tenancy duration, and the rights and obligations of the landlord and the tenant.

Typically, lease agreements can be classified into two categories: fixed-term leases and periodic leases. Let`s take a closer look at both these types of lease agreements:

Fixed-Term Lease

A fixed-term lease agreement is typically signed for a specified period, such as six months, one year, or two years. The rental period is pre-determined, and the rental amount is fixed for the duration of the contract. This means that the tenant is obligated to stay in the rental property for the specified period and pay rent each month, regardless of whether they continue to occupy the property.

A fixed-term lease offers a certain level of security to both the landlord and the tenant. For the landlord, a fixed-term lease ensures that they have a stable source of rental income for a specified period. For the tenant, the fixed-term lease guarantees them a place to live for the duration of the agreement, and they can`t be asked to vacate the property before the lease is up, except in certain circumstances.

Periodic Lease

A periodic lease is more flexible in comparison to a fixed-term lease. This type of lease agreement does not have a pre-determined end date, and either the landlord or the tenant can terminate the lease by giving a notice period, which is typically 30 days.

A periodic lease is commonly referred to as a month-to-month lease, which means that the tenant pays rent on a monthly basis. The monthly rent amount may increase or decrease depending on the market conditions, and the tenant has the freedom to move out at any time by giving the specified notice period.


In conclusion, a lease agreement is a vital contract that governs the landlord-tenant relationship. It is a legally binding document that stipulates the rights and obligations of both parties. The type of lease agreement, fixed-term or periodic, depends on the specific requirements of the landlord and tenant. A fixed-term lease offers more security, while a periodic lease is more flexible. As a landlord or tenant, it is essential to read and understand the lease agreement carefully before signing it.